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Brother 1034d Serger

Basic Serger Maintenance

Are there basic maintenance tips/schedule somewhere? Things like, how often to change needles, how often to oil, how often to brush out, how often to bring in for service...

The frequency and procedure for each Serger Maintenance step is different:


Brush the serger out every day as you use it, using the brush that came with your serger or a makeup brush or disposable paintbrushes will also work.  Using the micro-vacuum attachments with your regular vacuum to clean out lint especially when you serge with fleece, minky or coarse bulky knits.



This just blows linty sludge further into the machine where it will require disassembly to thoroughly clean.



Oiling about once a month if you use it daily, less often if you only use the serger infrequently.



The usual needle change recommendation is for every 8 hours of serging but a lot of folks do that less often without harming anything.



Some folks bring their serger to a repair shop for a maintenace tuneup once a year, but this is not necessary.


Many folks perform all their own maintenance because it is not difficult - the SERVICE MANUAL is available from our downloads page with all the other help docs here




Knocking means metal hitting metal, serging in this state just worsens the wear and damage to your machine. Stop and locate the noise. $$$ the machine is telling you "pay me attention now, or pay $$$ later."


Unplug your machine so you do not accidentally serge yourself.


Handwalk your flywheel on the right side of the machine towards you while watching the needle area and loopers. Remove the presser foot for a better view if needed.


Shine a bright flashlight if needed. If the loopers are hitting each other or breaking needles, something is bent and may need replacement.


Needle offset diagramChange your needles and doublecheck they are flat backed into the housing and offset properly.







Stitchfinger Location diagramCheck that your Stitchfinger is seated properly inside the machine





Feeler Guage Tool

(Click to enlarge view)



For those of you who need to fix their own timing, make sure and read our Service Manual publication for accurate specifications. A feeler gauge for your measurements. Way faster and easier than a caliper to get into all those small spaces and very accurate too.

Available at Harbor Freight for $4.99.  (Thanks Karen Wood)


How to adjust your timing: this is the best write up with photos we have seen

Burley Sew - Video on Serger Timing Adjustment



Adjust timing video - also not good camera work but useful info


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